Lifestyle in Epilepsy

For the doctor are the main issues - the cause, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of epilepsy.

For the patients themselves and their relatives are important opportunities to lead a normal life (most frequently asked questions: how the disease and drugs affect the ability to think, to work, drive a car, play sports, watch TV, play on the computer, go on vacation to the sea, sex life , the ability to have children).

In all countries, including civilized, patients with epilepsy suffer discrimination of society, which has a long history:

  • in 17 US states only during the period from 1956 to 1980. It was repealed a law prohibiting patients with epilepsy to marry;
  • in Britain the same law in force until 1970;
  • in India and China, such a ban still exists.

Currently in our country, patients with epilepsy have no social protection - is not sufficient legal basis that allows to fight for the rights of their children when placing them in kindergarten, school, college, and adults with illegal dismissal or a job, and the existing laws are not available to the public.

Proper and healthy lifestyle is important in the prevention of attacks! Avoid sleep rhythm disorders, physical and mental overload. It is particularly important that the patient slept enough!

Power epileptic power does not differ from healthy individuals and should contain sufficient amounts of vitamins, calcium and other nutrients. There is a ketogenic diet, which can positively influence the frequency of epileptic seizures, but it is poorly tolerated.

Triggers an FACTORS

1. Alcohol increases the number and severity of attacks. Therefore, the use of alcohol is not permitted!

2. Sleep deprivation, forced awakening (phone call, an early wake-up call to work or on a trip, or a lack of a significant reduction of sleep).

3. A flashing light (disco, TV).

4. Do not regularly receiving antiepileptic drugs or cancellation (dose reduction).

5. Supplementation with proepileptogennym action: neuroleptics, nootropics (piracetam, Cerebrolysin, ginkgo biloba), antihistamines, NSAIDs, estrogens, theophylline, antibiotics (penicillin in high doses, fluoroquinolones, sulfonamides), ketamine, piperazine, sympathomimetics.

provoking factors may compromise the purpose of any anti-epileptic drugs!

What are the recommendations for the regime of the day, you can give the patient with epilepsy?

The patient with epilepsy need to sleep a sufficient number of hours a day, to avoid violations of sleep rhythm, early or sudden awakenings. You must select a mode of operation corresponding to the request, as many patients with sleep restriction provokes attacks. It is necessary to avoid physical and mental overload, right to alternate work and rest. Due to the high risk of injury, it is not recommended to find the water, fire in the attack, moving mechanisms, at the height of the vehicle.


Do not watch TV more than 1-1.5 hours.

Distance to the TV should be the maximum, so far as the room (but less than 2 meters).

Required additional room lighting to reduce light contrast.

Preference is given to TVs with smaller screen size.

The TV must be in color with mild adjust the contrast and the surplus high frequency (100 Hz).

For TV control is necessary to use remote control.

To reduce flicker when viewing flashing images, flashes, kaleidoscopic surveys need to close one eye.

Do not watch TV if the child does not get enough sleep, tired or not feeling well enough.


The duration of the work / game on the computer should not exceed 1-1.5 hours with a mandatory break every 30 minutes to 10-15 minutes, which are necessary for the eye rest.

The distance to the monitor should be 70 cm (stretched length of an adult hand with fingers extended); the distance from the eyes to the monitor should be at least 35 cm to 14-inch screens.

Required additional room lighting to reduce light contrast.

The monitor should not be exposed to the glare from windows and other light sources.

The monitor is preferable to select a liquid crystal, or a high resolving power; give preference to SVGA standard with the frequency surplus of not less than 60 Hz.

The monitor screen should be clean, image settings must be adjusted properly.

It is impossible to consider the fine details of an image at close range.

It is necessary to remove from the field of view of the other monitors and TVs.

Do not look to work / play on the computer, if a child does not get enough sleep, tired or not feeling well.


Patients with epilepsy should avoid lack of sleep, physical and mental overload and do not forget to take medication regularly.

Power epilepsy does not differ from healthy nutrition.

Mental Disorders, mood and thought to occur in 30-40% of patients with epilepsy (ie, only 1/3 of patients), and in most cases - not heavy.

Patients with epilepsy can and should engage in sports (physical therapy), observing certain rules and restrictions.

Patients with epilepsy can watch TV and work on your computer, following a set of rules.

Hops usually do not cause seizures. In preparation for the trip, take a required set of drugs and a card with your details and coordinates doctor.

Alcohol increases the frequency and increases the severity of attacks. Alcohol consumption is not permitted!

Some drugs can trigger seizures in epilepsy patients, so always consult with your doctor before taking any new medication!