What not to do with Epilepsy
Epilepsy is a condition in which a person has regularly repeated epileptic seizures. These seizures are characterized as abnormal, disorderly discharge of nerve cells of the brain, which leads to a temporary violation of motor, sensory or mental functions of the patient.
Knowledge of the basic principles that can not be done with epilepsy, can help the patient to avoid dangerous situations and injuries in daily activities.
Manifestation of the Disease
There are many types of epileptic seizures, primarily depending on which part of the brain is involved in the pathological process.
The specific area of the brain affected by abnormal electrical activity can lead to a specific type of seizure.
If all parts of the brain are involved in abnormal electrical activity of the brain, this can lead to a generalized seizure or generalized seizure.
It leads to a violation or weakening of the patient’s consciousness and severe convulsions.
Time epileptic seizure one type of attack can move to another. For example, one of them may begin as a partial or focal seizure involving the face or arm. At the same time, muscle activity extends to other parts of the body, and the attack is generalized.
Almost any type of behavior of the patient, which occurs periodically, can be an epileptic seizure.
Generalized seizures. This generalized type involves all areas of the cerebral cortex. Sometimes they are called large epileptic seizures. Usually the person cries out or makes some sound, stiffen for several seconds, and then start the rhythmic spasms of the hands and feet. These movements gradually slow down to a stop. The patient’s eyes are usually open.
It may seem that the person is not breathing. Often, after an epileptic seizure, deep breathing of the patient is observed. Return to consciousness occurs gradually within a few minutes. Involuntary urination is a common case with such an attack. Often a person has a short-term confusion after the incident.
Partial or focal seizures. B this process involves only part of the patient’s brain and affects only part of his body.
Symptoms may vary depending on the area of the brain that has pathological electrical activity.
If the part of the brain that controls the movement of the hand is involved, then perhaps only this hand can show rhythmic movements or twitches.
If additional areas of the brain are involved, symptoms may include strange sensations or small repetitive movements, such as picking up clothes or smacking your lips.
Sometimes a patient with a partial seizure is stunned or has confusion.
No seizures and small seizures. These types are most common in childhood. If a person often looks at one point, a violation of consciousness in these cases is likely to be present. Seizures may include repetitive blinking or other small movements of the body.
As a rule, attacks are short-term, lasting only a few seconds. Some patients may have many such attacks per day.
Unfortunately, in addition to hereditary factors, there are several types of acquired epilepsy, for example, stroke and other diseases with CNS damage, head injuries and others.
What can not be done with epilepsy?
If the patient has a risk of epileptic seizures, characterized by seizures and loss of consciousness, it is important to reduce the risk of injury at the time of the attack.
Home security measures for epileptic seizures:
1. It is important to replace the glass in doors, Windows, showers and other areas with protective glass or plastic. If you fall through the glass during the attack, you can be severely injured.
2. It is always necessary to keep the interior doors of the room unlocked. Close people and medical staff may have difficulty getting to the patient if there is a locked door.
3. Take a shower instead of a bath. There is an increased risk of drowning in the bath during an attack.
4. He use electrical appliances near water. In case of an attack, you can lower the electric device into the water and get an electric shock.
5. It is necessary to be careful with hot objects that can burn in case of an attack. For example, avoid lifting vessels with hot water or food, or ask other people for help.
6. It is important to make sure that the pan handles are facing the back of the oven while cooking. If you have an attack, you can accidentally hit the handle and spill hot food on yourself.
7. Avoid using heaters that can be easily turned over when touched. This will prevent burns and possible fires.
8. Use only motorized power tools that have safety switches. Machines with safety switches stop independently if an attack occurs and the switch is released.
Regardless of the place of work, some tips can help the patient feel more secure:
It is important that managers, employees and familiar colleagues know about a person’s disease and have information on how they can help if an attack has begun.
You can tell a trusted colleague what kind of help he can provide in case of an attack. Also, a colleague can provide emergency communication spouse (wife), or call for emergency medical assistance in case of an attack.
Care should be taken when performing duties in the workplace. For example, wear appropriate protective clothing, avoid work with open fire, heat sources, work at height.
People with epilepsy can maintain an active lifestyle, but certain safety measures must be followed:
1. It is necessary to wear a medical bracelet. It will help the rescue services to determine the condition of the patient and take the necessary measures.
2. It is important to inform the staff in the gym, recreation area, or in the pool about your condition.
3. It is necessary to swim in the waters in which there is a lifeguard or a familiar person who can help during the attack.
4. You need to talk to your doctor before starting any contact sports. The doctor may advise the necessary protection measures in this case.
5. You must wear a helmet while Cycling, skiing, Hiking, and wherever you can fall and hit your head.
He always epilepsy can be detected at once. Diagnosis of epilepsy is the most important step for the patient. Further treatment of the patient depends on the correct diagnosis.
A patient with epilepsy should be aware of the possible risks associated with their disease and avoid actions that may be dangerous to him or other nearby people.
To do this, it is important to follow measures to identify and minimize such risks and follow certain rules, creating the most secure conditions.